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Human Rights - Protection of Children

Human Rights and Protection of ChildrenHistory and Background:

In 1948 the United Nations adopted and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This declaration centers around protecting the freedoms of human life and interactions, including the protection of children.

In 1989 the UN Convention of the Rights of Children (CRC) was introduced. This lists rights for children specifically and includes:

  • Protection against all forms of neglect, cruelty and exploitation

  • Adequate nutrition, housing and medical service

  • Be among the first to receive relief in time of disaster


Why is it important we know this? Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children –“Child Sex Tourism” is a real and worldwide phenomenon which infringes upon the rights and freedoms of children. We cannot be complicit or apathetical towards any practice that encroaches on the rights of other people –including children. Any perpetrators need to be reported and dealt with appropriately

Your role as Security Officer:

The perpetrator: A traveling perpetrator may use the tourism infrastructure –such as hotels –in their pursuits. There are some myths regarding what is a ‘sex-tourist’


  1. All child-sex tourists are foreigners

  2. All child-sex tourism are older men

  3. Child-sex tourism takes place only in sea and sun destinations

  4. Minors are happy to engage in child-sex tourism and do so out of choice

  5. Child-sex tourism takes place in South-East Asia and South America only

  6. Child-sex tourism is caused by the minors who engage in it.

Perpetrators do not conform to a single profile and abuse is not restricted to certain corners of the world. Perpetrators take advantage of public spaces –such as hotel lobbies –which opens the industry up to being linked to these kinds of crimes.

A security officer is required to investigate and report potential breaches of human rights or child exploitation.

What to look for?

When a child is accompanied by a guest what separates it from being innocent to being suspicious.

  • Child appears to not know the guest he/she is with

  • The child’s clothes and hygiene seems noticeably different from the guest’s –i.e. dirty or unkept child with businessman

  • Child seems unusually upset or distressed

DO NOT approach the guest, but report the matter to your supervisor or manager. Continue keeping tabs / notes on the guest’s and child’s behavior.

Other factors to observe as suspicious and report to your supervisor or manager.

  • Unsupervised children wandering, loitering or approaching guests in the property’s public areas

  • Guest talking frequently with unsupervised children that appear not to be related to them.

  • Guest giving money/gifts/food to families or children that appear not to be related to the customer.

  • Guest inquiring about the red-light area and looking for ‘underage sex’

  • Single guest seen with different children entering and leaving their room over the course of their stay

  • Guest with child pornography in their room

Investigate the suspicious behavior by monitoring. Keep clear and concise notes and where possible CCTV footage. Try and establish who the unsupervised childrenl are and find their guardians or ask them to leave to their homes or other accommodation. Report the incident(s) by following the established Chain of Command and reporting procedures.

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